Otitis media

Middle ear inflammation (Otitis Media) is an inflammation of the middle ear space behind the eardrum. It usually emerges after diseases such as sinusitis, cold, flu and upper respiratory tract infections. Children and babies are more susceptible to infection due to the structure of the eustachian tube.  More than 80% of children face otitis media at least once until they reach the age of 3.

Factors Causing Middle Ear Inflammation

Clogging of the eustachian tube for various reasons is one of the most common reasons. Factors that cause obstruction of the eustachian tube are;

– upper respiratory tract infections,

– Sinusitis

– common cold,

– allergies,

– adenoid,

– altitude and air pressure changes.

There are various risk factors that cause otitis media. These are can be listed as follows,

– Having an allergic body,

– Genetic predisposition,

– Deficiencies in the immune system,

– Smoking habit or passive smoking,

– swimming in a dirty pool or the sea.

Middle ear inflammation in babies can occur due to reasons such as breastfeeding in lying position of the baby or giving a bottle, using false pacifiers.

Symptoms of Otitis media

– Severe pain in the ear

– Discharge from the ear

– Hearing problems, ear congestion,

– Tinnitus,

– Dizziness

– High fever,

– Loss of balance

– Nausea and loss of appetite,

– Dizziness

– Difficulty in sleeping

– in children; pulling the ear,

– restlessness and moodiness,

– In babies and children who cannot speak yet and cannot explain their problems, excessive anxiety can be seen in the form of crying, not being able to sleep, pulling their ears, scratching and playing with their ears.

– Middle ear inflammation with hearing loss in children of school age negatively affects learning.

Treatment of Otitis media

Antibiotics and pain killers deemed appropriate by the physician may be prescribed for otitis media. The medications to be prescribed may vary depending on the age of the patient, the drugs used and the condition of the disease. For this reason, the patient should not take and use any antibiotic medication outside the doctor’s control without being examined.

In the case of chronic otitis media, surgery may be required as well as medication therapy.